The ear is an extremely complex and delicate organ. In addition to performing the auditory function, it is also the seat of balance for the human body. For your health, it is good to follow a healthy and balanced lifestyle, because the ear is particularly sensitive to the metabolic changes of our body.
But in addition to this, it is good to put in place good practices for the protection of hearing, such as avoiding exposure to too loud and prolonged noises, avoid listening to music on headphones at high volumes and protect yourself when you are forced to attend work environments particularly noisy. Beyond 80/90 decibels, equal to the noise of the heavy traffic of a city, the ear begins to perceive discomfort, while the pain threshold is around 120 decibels, equal to disco music. Therefore, be careful not to expose yourself to these noises to avoid permanent hearing damage.
The otolaryngologist deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of the ear, nose, and throat. It cures both the ear in its physiology and pathophysiology and is also interested in the treatment of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the tonsils, the mouth, tongue, and salivary glands.
Although the different parts may seem unrelated, it is common that they are jointly affected by the same pathological process, which is why they are treated by a single specialist. The otolaryngologist is also the reference doctor of the cervicofacial and basic skull district.
In general, therefore, one turns to the otolaryngologist when one is in the presence of an ear disease such as otitis, mastoiditis, or in the presence of occlusions.
The audiologist is instead the ear specialist. His specialization gives him a more targeted competence in the diagnosis and medical and surgical therapy of the ear in all its parts.
Patients turn to an audiologist when looking for a specialist who can give answers to specific pathologies such as deafness, adult and childhood, tinnitus, labyrinthitis, Ménière’s syndrome, or when they seek a doctor for ear microsurgery operations.
Therefore, in the presence of partial or total deafness or in the presence of other hearing disorders, the reference specialist is the audiologist. Through an in-depth interview with the patient and through the analysis of specific audiometric tests, he is able to provide accurate diagnoses and therapies for each individual case.
In particular, in the presence of tinnitus, the ‘ghost’ whistle that afflicts 15% of the world’s population, the advice is always to turn to specialist doctors who have a proven track record in treating this symptom, too often underestimated and too often declared still incurable today.
Therapy for tinnitus exists, and the audiologist, after an accurate diagnosis made of numerous audiometric tests optimized for tinnitus, is able to identify the causes and recommend adequate therapy.