Author: Wilma Stevens

Dizziness And Lightheadedness: ENT Doctor

Dizziness is an inappropriate term used frequently to describe various related sensations, such as

  • Failure (feeling faint)
  • Stunning
  • Disequilibrium (feeling of losing balance or stability)
  • A vague feeling of disorientation or staggering
  • Dizziness (a false sensation of movement)

Dizzy individuals may also experience nausea and vomiting, balance difficulties, and/or trouble walking. Some experience rhythmic eye contraction (nystagmus) during a dizziness episode.

Common Causes

Although some may overlap, the causes of dizziness can tentatively be divided into causes with and without vertigo.

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • Vestibular neuronite
  • labyrinthitis
  • Vestibular migraine

The most common causes of dizziness- free dizziness include:

  • Effects of drugs
  • Multifactorial causes

If the dizziness persists for a long time, some subjects benefit from physiotherapy, which helps them manage the altered sense of balance. Therapists can also recommend such strategies.

  • Avoid movements that can trigger dizziness, such as looking up or bending over
  • Store items on easily accessible levels
  • Get up slowly while sitting or lying down
  • Shake hands and flex your feet before standing up
  • Learn exercises that combine eye, head and body movements to help prevent dizziness
  • Do physiotherapy and exercises to strengthen the muscles and maintain autonomous walking for as long as possible
  • Undergo vestibular rehabilitation therapy (a specialized form of physiotherapy aimed at the symptoms of central and peripheral vestibular dysfunction)

With age, many factors make dizziness and dizziness more frequent. The organs involved in balance, in particular the structures of the inner ear, work less well. It becomes more difficult to see in soft light. The body mechanisms that control blood pressure respond more slowly (for example, when standing up). Older people are also more likely to take drugs that cause dizziness.

Although they are unpleasant at any age, dizziness and dizziness cause particular problems for older people, fragile people run a higher risk of falling if dizzy. Even if they don't fall, the fear of falling often greatly affects your ability to perform daily activities.

Even more than the young, the elderly with dizziness or dizziness can benefit from general physiotherapy and exercises to strengthen the muscles, which will help them preserve their autonomy. Physiotherapists can also provide important safety information for elderly or disabled people in order to help them prevent falls.

Otolaryngologist Or Audiologist? Which Doctor To Choose For Tinnitus Treatment?

The ear is an extremely complex and delicate organ. In addition to performing the auditory function, it is also the seat of balance for the human body. For your health, it is good to follow a healthy and balanced lifestyle, because the ear is particularly sensitive to the metabolic changes of our body.

But in addition to this, it is good to put in place good practices for the protection of hearing, such as avoiding exposure to too loud and prolonged noises, avoid listening to music on headphones at high volumes and protect yourself when you are forced to attend work environments particularly noisy. Beyond 80/90 decibels, equal to the noise of the heavy traffic of a city, the ear begins to perceive discomfort, while the pain threshold is around 120 decibels, equal to disco music. Therefore, be careful not to expose yourself to these noises to avoid permanent hearing damage.

The otolaryngologist

The otolaryngologist deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of the ear, nose, and throat. It cures both the ear in its physiology and pathophysiology and is also interested in the treatment of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the tonsils, the mouth, tongue, and salivary glands.

Although the different parts may seem unrelated, it is common that they are jointly affected by the same pathological process, which is why they are treated by a single specialist. The otolaryngologist is also the reference doctor of the cervicofacial and basic skull district.

In general, therefore, one turns to the otolaryngologist when one is in the presence of an ear disease such as otitis, mastoiditis, or in the presence of occlusions.

The audiologist

The audiologist is instead the ear specialist. His specialization gives him a more targeted competence in the diagnosis and medical and surgical therapy of the ear in all its parts.

Patients turn to an audiologist when looking for a specialist who can give answers to specific pathologies such as deafness, adult and childhood, tinnitus, labyrinthitis, Ménière’s syndrome, or when they seek a doctor for ear microsurgery operations.

Therefore, in the presence of partial or total deafness or in the presence of other hearing disorders, the reference specialist is the audiologist. Through an in-depth interview with the patient and through the analysis of specific audiometric tests, he is able to provide accurate diagnoses and therapies for each individual case.

In particular, in the presence of tinnitus, the ‘ghost’ whistle that afflicts 15% of the world’s population, the advice is always to turn to specialist doctors who have a proven track record in treating this symptom, too often underestimated and too often declared still incurable today.

Therapy for tinnitus exists, and the audiologist, after an accurate diagnosis made of numerous audiometric tests optimized for tinnitus, is able to identify the causes and recommend adequate therapy.…

Overview Of Mouth, Nose And Throat Cancers

Every year, mouth, nose, and throat cancers affect nearly 65,000 people in the United States. These tumors are more common in men because smokers continue to outperform smokers and because oral papillomavirus (HPV) infection is more common in males. The most affected subjects are between 50 and 70 years old. However, cancers caused by HPV, which are primarily oropharyngeal cancers, occur more often in younger subjects.

Mouth, nose, and throat cancers are often considered together by doctors as they share certain characteristics, such as the type of tumor and the causes. More than 90% of mouth, nose, and throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, which means that the tumor develops in the squamous cells that line the inside of the mouth, nose, or throat. Most people with mouth, nose, or throat cancers smoke or consume alcoholic beverages or both.

The most common sites of mouth, nose and throat cancer are

  • the vocal cords (larynx)
  • the inside of the mouth (including the tongue, floor of the mouth and the hard part of the palate)

Less common locations for these cancers are

  • the bony cavities of the face around the nose (paranasal sinuses)
  • the nasal cavity and the nasal passages
  • the upper part of the throat (nasopharynx)
  • the lower part of the throat (hypopharynx)
  • the salivary glands

Symptoms

Common symptoms of mouth, nose and throat cancers include

  • Hoarseness
  • Presence of a mass in the neck
  • A painful open sore or an outgrowth in the mouth
  • Difficulty swallowing and consequent weight loss

Sometimes red or white spots (erythroplakia or leukoplakia) in the mouth may be the initial symptoms.

Diagnosis

  • Examination by a doctor or dentist
  • Endoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Diagnostic imaging tests to determine the extent (so-called staging)

Some tumors inside the mouth are initially asymptomatic but can be detected or palpated by a doctor or dentist during a normal mouth inspection. If a person complains of symptoms, the doctor may use a flexible visualization tube, called an endoscope, to examine the deeper regions of the mouth, nose, and throat. The diagnosis is made by examining a sample of tissue, the so-called biopsy, of the suspected tumor. Doctors insert a needle into the outgrowth to pick up a small amount of tissue or cut a piece of it using a scalpel.